基于CT影像动态膝关节有限元模型的构建及仿真力学分析
摘要点击次数: 21   全文下载次数: 0   投稿时间:2019-05-11  修订日期:2019-06-15  
作者Author单位AddressE-Mail
陈彦飞 chenyanfei 西安交通大学附属红会医院骨科 Xi'
'
an Honghui Hospital,Xi'
'
an Jiaotong University
hhchenyf@163.com 
鲁超 luchao 西安交通大学附属红会医院骨科  
赵勇* zhaoyong 中国中医科学院望京医院骨伤综合科 WangJing Hospital of CACMS zhaoyong423@163.com 
成永忠 chengyongzhong 中国中医科学院望京医院骨伤综合科  
乔锋 qiaofeng 西安交通大学附属红会医院骨科  
秦伟凯 qinweikai 中国中医科学院望京医院骨伤综合科  
侯成志 houchengzhi 中国中医科学院望京医院骨伤综合科  
刘广伟 liuguangwei 中国中医科学院望京医院骨伤综合科  
期刊信息:《中国骨伤》年,第卷,第期,第-页
DOI:
基金项目:陕西省科技厅自然科学基础研究项目(2017JM8118);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费自主选题(ZZ11-034);北京市科委首都临床特色应用研究与成果推广项目(Z151100004015158)Fund program:Natural Science Foundation Research Program of Shaanxi Department of Science and Technology通信作者:赵勇 E-mail:zhaoyong423@163.comCorresponding author:ZHAO Yong E-mail:zhaoyong423@163.com
中文摘要:目的:基于CT影像资料构建动态性膝关节有限元模型,并进行模型的有效性验证和初步的有限元分析,为膝关节的生物力学研究提供仿真模型和基础数据。方法:选取一名正常男性膝关节CT资料,借助Mimcs19.0和Hypermesh12.0等软件,从膝关节的三维模型构建入手,经几何重建、逆向工程、网格划分、材料定性等步骤,建立高仿真的有限元模型。通过确定边界条件和扭矩加载产生动态性的屈膝模型,并进行模型的有效性验证。予有限元模型施加近似屈膝活动时所承受的载荷(500N),研究分析不同屈膝角度下胫股关节和髌股关节的生物力学变化。结果:基于CT影像并结合解剖特性建立了膝关节有限元模型,模型包括骨、韧带、软骨、半月板和髌骨支持带等三维单元,在确立边界条件后施加不同扭矩产生了不同屈膝状态下的有限元模型。根据等同工况(屈膝30°,股四头肌腱受200N牵张)加载显示髌骨的应力峰值为2.209MPa,平均Mises应力为1.132MPa;股骨滑车的应力峰值为1.405MPa,平均Mises应力0.936MPa,与既往研究比较差异性在1%-13.5%之间,证明模型的有效性。动态性的模型加载发现:胫股关节的Mises应力随屈膝角度增加而下降;而髌股关节的Mises应力与屈膝角度正相关,不同屈膝角度下各软骨应力面的Mises应力对比,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:研究建立的有限元模型结构更趋完整,可有效模拟动态性膝关节的生物力学特性,为膝关节进一步的仿真力学研究提供了支撑。
【关键词】膝关节  动态  有限元分析  仿真力学  屈膝角度
 
Construction and simulation mechanical analysis of dynamic knee joint finite element model based on CT image
ABSTRACT  ABSTRACT Objective:To constructed a dynamic finite element model of knee through the CT image data and to verified the validity.To provide simulation model and basic data for the biomechanical study of knee joint by further finite element analysis.Methods:The CT data of a normal male knee joint were selected,with the help of Mimcs 19.0 and Hypermesh 12.0 software, a high simulation finite element model of knee joint was established after the steps,such as geometric reconstruction, reverse engineering,meshing and material characterization.The dynamic knee flexion model is generated by determining the boundary conditions and torque loading, and to verified the validity of the model.To study the biomechanical changes of tibiofemoral joint and patellofemoral joints at different knee flexion angles by applying loads (500N) to the model.Results:A finite element model of knee joint is established based on CT images and anatomical characteristics, The model includes three-dimensional elements such as bone, ligament, cartilage, meniscus and patellar retinaculum. The different finite element models of knee flexion states is produced by applying different torques after establishing boundary conditions.According to the same working condition (knee flexion 30 degrees, quadriceps femoris tendon under 200 N stretch) research found,the stress peak value of patella was 2.209 MPa and the average Mises stress was 1.132 MPa;The stress peak value of femoral trochlear was 1.405 MPa and the average Mises stress was 0.936 MPa. The validity of the model was proved because of the difference between the model and the previous studies was 1%-13.5%.Dynamic FEA model loading showed that the Mises stress of tibiofemoral joint decreased with the increase of knee flexion angle, while the Mises stress of patellofemoral joint was positively correlated with knee flexion angle. The Mises stress of cartilage stress planes at different knee flexion angles was significantly different (P < 0.05).Conclusion:The finite element model established in this study is more complete and can effectively simulate the biomechanical characteristics of dynamic knee joint, which provides support for further simulation mechanics research of knee joint.
KEY WORDS  Knee joint  dynamic  finite element analysis  simulation mechanics  knee flexion angle
 
引用本文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文格式:
英文格式:
查看  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

版权所有:《中国骨伤》杂志社京ICP备12048066号-1  版权声明
地址:北京市东直门内南小街甲16号,100700
电话:010-64089487 传真:010-64089792 Email:zggszz@sina.com

京公网安备 11010102003705号