锁骨骨折内固定有限元分析的研究进展
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作者Author单位AddressE-Mail
郝旌博 HAO Jing-bo 包头医学院, 内蒙古 包头 014000  
董乐乐 DONG Le-le 包头医学院第一附属医院, 内蒙古 包头 014000 The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014000, Inner Mongolia, China Dong_le_le@126.com 
期刊信息:《中国骨伤》2020年,第33卷,第6期,第588-592页
DOI:10.12200/j.issn.1003-0034.2020.06.020
基金项目:
中文摘要:锁骨骨折为常见的上肢骨折,由于其特殊解剖结构直接影响着肩关节的功能。锁骨骨折不同的损伤机制影响着内固定的力学效果,因此选择何种内固定方式一直困扰着骨科医生。有限元分析作为现代计算机力学软件分析,通过对锁骨骨折内固定的有限元分析,不仅能够了解骨折病因机制、内固定物的生物力学性能及骨折并发症等因素,还能为术前规划上提供指导意见,有利于术前规划并进行手术方式的个体化选择,有望成为锁骨骨折术前规划中不可缺少的一部分。该文就有限元分析在锁骨骨折的病因机制、相关影响因素、内固定的选择、术后并发症以及有限元分析过程中出现的问题进行综述。
【关键词】锁骨骨折  生物力学  内固定  有限元
 
Research progress on finite element analysis of internal fixation for clavicular fracture
ABSTRACT  Clavicular fracture is a common upper-limb fracture. Because of its special anatomical structure,it directly affects the function of the shoulder joint. The different injury mechanisms of clavicular fracture affect the mechanical effect of internal fixation,so the selection of internal fixation method has been puzzling orthopedists. As a modern computer-based mechanical analysis,finite element analysis application in the internal fixation of clavicular fracture can not only clarify the pathogenesis of fractures,biomechanical properties of internal fixators and complications of fractures,but also provide guidance for preoperative planning. Therefore,it is beneficial to preoperative planning and individualized selection of surgical methods,and is expected to become an indispensable part in preoperative planning for clavicular fracture. In this paper,the pathogenesis,related influencing factors,selection of internal fixation and postoperative complications of clavicular fracture based on finite element analysis and problems during finite element analysis were reviewed.
KEY WORDS  Clavicle fracture  Biomechanics  Internal fixation  Finite element
 
引用本文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文格式:郝旌博,董乐乐.锁骨骨折内固定有限元分析的研究进展[J].中国骨伤,2020,33(6):588~592
英文格式:HAO Jing-bo,DONG Le-le.Research progress on finite element analysis of internal fixation for clavicular fracture[J].zhongguo gu shang / China J Orthop Trauma ,2020,33(6):588~592
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